Jutogh Cantonment was established by Britishers in 1843 to house artillery and infantry units of army during summer. The land for the Cantonment was taken from the then Maharaja of Patiala in exchange for two villages Dhurri and Thol. The cantonment was first occupied by Gurkha Regiment. As the cantonment area started housing troops, civil population also grew around the cantt and commercial activities started to flourish. The cantonment is managed by Cantonment Board constituted under the Cantonment Board Act, 2006. Main functions of the Cantonment Board comprise of almost all performed by city Municipal Corporation of any city such as maintenance of sanitation, health and hygiene in the areas falling under its control. Cantonment Board also manages public welfare measures for residents of cantonment and areas around it like organising free health check up camps, vaccination camps etc.


Medieval History

Shankar Verma, the ruler of Kashmir exercised his influence over Himachal Pradesh In about 883 AD. The region also witnessed the invasion of Mahmud Ghazni in 1009 AD.

The Gorkhas, a martial tribe came to power in Nepal in 1768. They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. The Gurkhas marched in from Nepal and captured the area. Gradually the Gorkhas annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Under the leadership of Bada Kaji (equivalent to General) Amar Singh Thapa, Gorkhas laid siege to Kangra. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand, the ruler of kangra, in 1806. However Gorkhas could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjit Singh katoch in 1809. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State re-captured the Siba fort after defeating the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. After the defeat, the Gorkhas also began to expand towards the south of the state. One of the strongholds of Gorkhas was called Jgatgarh Fortress, till the accession of Britishers.  The same is known as Jutogh now.

Jutogh in 1843

Located in the Shimla (formerly Simla) district of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, the cantonment was established on a hill amid the forests of the western Himalayas in 1843. British mountain-artillery and infantry units were stationed at Jutogh during the summer.

There is an unexplored and unproved story about the annoyance of Britishers with Prince of Patiyala, due to which he was expelled from the throne by British Army.

British period

The expulsion of Prince led to the Anglo-Gurkha war. Gurkhas came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British dislodged them from the provinces of the Satluj. Thus British gradually emerged as the supreme power. In early 19th century the British annexed the areas of Shimla after the Gurkha War of 1815–16. Himachal became a centrally administered territory in 1948 with the integration of 31 hill provinces and received additional regions in 1966.

Jutogh was acquired by the British Government in 1843. It was first occupied by a regiment of Gurkhas, and was afterwards made over to the Governor of the Bishop Cotton School, but, being found unsuitable for this purpose, was for some time, abandoned. Two battalions of British Mountain Artillery and two companies of British Infantry were stationed here during the summer months. Maharaja of Patiala helped British army to battle Gurkha prince, Bhimsen Thapa and in return, got the land surrounding the present-day Shimla as a reward